Flight 370 Searchers Identify Recovered Objects as Trash


(Tracy Withers) Searchers for Malaysian Air Flight 370 said objects retrieved from the Indian Ocean are rubbish with no evidence they are related to the missing plane as the hunt for the jetliner enters its fourth week.

The items recovered were “fishing equipment and flotsam,” Andrea Hayward-Maher, a spokeswoman for the Australian Maritime Safety Authority, said by phone yesterday. It was the first time that material had been picked up.

Search activities yesterday involved nine aircraft and eight ships, the largest fleet to date, the Australian agency said in an update. The HMAS Toowoomba frigate left Perth late March 29 and should arrive at the search area in several days while the vessel Ocean Shield is scheduled to depart today after being fitted with an autonomous underwater vehicle and equipment to detect the black-box recorder.

Time may be running out as the battery-powered beacons that help locate the black boxes on the Boeing Co. (BA)’s 777 last about 30 days. The latest lead in the search for the plane that disappeared on March 8 was based on radar and performance data as the airliner flew between the South China Sea and Malacca Strait, authorities said. It shows the plane moved faster, using more fuel, and may not have crashed as far south as estimated earlier.

Aircraft yesterday continued to report sightings of multiple items in a search area that covered about 252,000 square kilometers (97,300 square miles).

Wreckage Search

“Our primary focus at the moment is to use the aircraft to identify wreckage and have the ships move in and pick up the wreckage out of the water,” Commodore Peter Leavy, who is coordinating the Australian military’s search contribution, told reporters yesterday. “This is a critical step.”

White, red and orange “suspicious objects” had been seen as the Chinese ship Jinggangshan, carrying two helicopters, joined the Haixun 01 in the search area, the official Xinhua news agency said.

Examinations of the home flight simulator of the jet’s captain, Zaharie Ahmad Shah, haven’t found anything sinister, Malaysia’s Acting Transport Minister Hishammuddin Hussein said March 29. The U.S. Central Intelligence Agency, Britain’s MI6 and Chinese intelligence agencies are helping with the investigation, he said.

FBI Analysis

Technicians from the U.S. Federal Bureau of Investigation have almost finished extracting data from the pilot’s digital media, which include the hard drive from his flight simulator, and the bureau is almost halfway done in the analysis of that data, said a U.S. official, speaking on condition of anonymity because the probe remains active. The official said no smoking gun has emerged thus far, though the FBI’s work won’t be complete for another few days or a week.

Even then, the official said, what may seem irrelevant now may take on new significance in light of future developments or information gleaned in the multinational investigation into what occurred on the plane.

The new search zone is 1,100 kilometers (700 miles) to the northeast of the previous area, off Australia’s west coast. Investigators narrowed in on the area with an analysis assuming that Flight 370 traveled at close to constant velocity.

A New Zealand P3 Orion patrol plane found 11 objects inside a small radius, about 1,600 kilometers directly west of Perth, Air Vice-Marshall Kevin Short, commander of joint forces New Zealand, said in a telephone interview March 29.

Redirecting Satellites

Because the latest search zone is closer to Australia than previous locations, aircraft have more time over the water. Ocean depth in the area ranges from 2,000 meters to 4,000 meters. Aircraft from Australia, China, South Korea, Malaysia, Japan and the U.S. are involved in the search.

Along with Chinese and Australian vessels, the Australian Geospatial-Intelligence Organisation is redirecting satellites to scan the region as well. The Federal Aviation Administration and the U.K.’s Air Accidents Investigation Branch are also assisting the search.

“You’ve practically got everybody in the aviation industry involved in the search and rescue,” Hishammuddin told reporters March 29.

The search for Flight 370 initially focused on the Gulf of Thailand, south of Vietnam, before switching to the Malacca Strait and Andaman Sea after radar data showed that the plane had backtracked west across the Malaysian peninsula.

No Survivors

The hunt was then extended thousands of miles from the original search zone after analysis of satellite signals suggested the plane had continued flying for five hours in one of two possible arcs over the Indian Ocean or Asian landmass.

Inmarsat Plc (ISAT) concluded last week that the profile of satellite pings showed the jet definitely took the southern arc, prompting Malaysian Airline System Bhd. (MAS) to say that the 777 had crashed into the ocean and that there was no hope of survivors.

Malaysia Air will fly family members to Perth once it has been confirmed that any wreckage found belongs to flight 370.

“Arrangements will be made as soon as the relevant government agencies have provided clearances for Malaysia Airlines to bring family members to the site where aircraft wreckage will be kept,” the carrier said in an e-mailed statement yesterday.

Areas where satellite images had previously shown objects in the ocean were checked and no plane wreckage had been found, AMSA’s Hayward-Maher said on March 28.

Wooden Pallet

Since the focus shifted to the southern Indian Ocean more than a week ago, planes have made multiple sightings of debris, including a wooden pallet with straps and unidentified green and orange objects, none of which have been recovered.

The Malaysian aircraft may have cruised steadily across the Indian Ocean after diverting from its route to Beijing from Kuala Lumpur, according to Inmarsat. The jet flew over the equator and away from the satellite, according to analysis by the engineers, spokesman Chris McLaughlin said.

Recovery of the data and cockpit-voice recorders would help investigators decipher the plane’s movements and its pilots’ actions in the hours after contact was lost.

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